The 5 Most Common Types of cancer
Based on research, there are more than 100 types of cancer these days. These types have different causes, and they also have various unique characteristics. They have causes, risk factors, and signs and symptoms. All kinds of this disease are chronic and life-threatening, although when they are diagnosed early, the rate of survival is also high. Every year thousands of people die because of this terrible disease. All organs of the body can be affected by cancer. Below are five common types of cancers:
Breast Cancer has become an epidemic among today’s women. Worldwide it’s the most common type of cancer among women, and in the United States causes the second most cancer deaths among women. But not all the news is bad! Undergoing an annual mammogram can help to detect warning signs of the disease, such as changes in the structure of the breast tissue, and lumps that appear on the breast. The result is that women are generally able to detect the disease much earlier than they did in the past.
Colon and Rectal Cancer
These two types of cancers are grouped since they’re involved with the digestion and excretion of food-respectively. The two body parts form the large intestine. Cancer occurs in this system when tumors form on the large intestine’s interior wall. It’s important to note that the malignant tumors, rather than the benign ones, are the cancerous ones. But keep in mind that malignant tumors can become cancerous if you fail to remove them soon enough.
As with all other types of cancer, the essence of lung cancer involves a problem with the normal process of cell growth. Cells duplicate and divide abnormally, which ultimately results in a tumor. These tumors can be either benign (harmless) or malignant (harmful). Malignant tumors can grow out-of-control and can start affecting other tissues outside the lungs.
Lung cancer is one of the most uncontrollable and deadly types of cancers. Why is that? It quickly begins spreading and infecting other parts of the body, such as the liver and brain. Also, the lung quickly acquires tumors from cancer cells originating from different parts of the body.
Prostate cancer is another one of the most common types of cancer. Thousands of deaths from this disease are has occurred. Some researchers believe that almost every man above the age of 80 has some traces of it. Prostate cancer develops in the prostate, a small gland that is right under the bladder. Prostate cancer is slow to grow, so regular screening and rectal exams, in particular, are effective forms of prevention.
Brain cancer can affect both adults and children, and they can be benign or malignant. Some types of disease can be asymptomatic, which means that they do not have any signs or symptoms. These kinds of brain diseases are usually diagnosed in their advance stage only. There are eight kinds of brain cancer. This type, which may occur in childhood are brain stem glioma, ependymoma, visual pathway, and hypothalamic glioma and cerebellar astrocytoma. Brain tumor affects adults.
There are many more types of cancer cells that affect the different systems of the body. For instance, the endocrine system can be affected by a pituitary tumor and parathyroid cancer. The genitourinary system can also develop penile, testicular, urethral, and bladder cancer. Thousands of women also suffer from gynecologic cancers every year, such as cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, vulvar cancer, and endometrial cancer.